Viola Irene Desmond (née Davis), businesswoman, civil rights activist (born 6 July 1914 in Halifax, NS; died 7 February 1965 in New York, NY). She grew up with 10 siblings! A Word document. [2][3] The Crown-in-Right-of-Nova Scotia also apologized for prosecuting her for tax evasion and acknowledged she was rightfully resisting racial discrimination. 1924 (?) minister and his wife, who had moved to Halifax from New Haven, Connecticut. Viola Desmond was named a National Historic Person by the Canadian government in 2018. At no point in the proceedings was the issue of race mentioned. On the advice of the doctor who examined the injuries that resulted from her arrest, Desmond contacted a lawyer in order to reverse her charge. The ticket seller handed Desmond a ticket to the balcony instead, the seating generally reserved for non-White customers. Her father, James, was a barber. Others in the community were less accepting; the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP) raised money to fight Desmond’s conviction, and Carrie Best, the founder of The Clarion, the province’s second Black-owned and operated newspaper, took a special interest in the case. 2020 - 2021Staff List Class Twitter and Google Site Links. By 1946, she was making her dreams come true. Viola Desmond, in full Viola Irene Desmond, née Davis, (born July 6, 1914, Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada—died February 7, 1965, New York, New York, U.S.), Canadian businesswoman and civil libertarian who built a career as a beautician and was a mentor to young Black women in Nova Scotia through her Desmond School of Beauty Culture. With the help of her church and the Nova Scotia Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NSAACP), Desmond hired a lawyer, Frederick William Bissett, who represented her in the criminal trials and attempted, unsuccessfully, to file a lawsuit against the Roseland Theatre. (Desmond created a line of beauty products, which were sold at venues owned by graduates of her beauty school.) As many as 15 students graduated from the program each year. Each year as many as fifteen women graduated from the school, all of whom had been denied admission to whites-only training schools. She was 50. During subsequent trials the government insisted on arguing that this was a case of tax evasion. Played 13 times. [3] The free pardon, an extraordinary remedy granted under the Royal Prerogative of Mercy only in the rarest of circumstances and the first one granted posthumously, differs from a simple pardon in that it is based on innocence and recognizes that a conviction was in error. 1 Viola Desmond was an African Canadian woman from Nova Scotia. By 1946, she was making her dreams come true. She was also arrested and spent 12 hours in jail, and had to pay a $20 fine. Did viola desmond get marrird? Desmond was dragged out of the theatre, injuring her hip and knee in the process, and taken to jail. Viola Desmond On 1940 the law was separating the white and black people, even while sitting it the theater. Eventually, and perhaps due to her experience with the Nova Scotia legal system, her marriage fell apart. The case was considered by Nova Scotia Supreme Court Justice Maynard Brown Archibald, who, on 20 January 1947, ruled against Desmond on the grounds that the decision of the original magistrate should have been appealed to the County Court. Viola was born on July 6, 1914. Viola Desmond was arrested, jailed overnight and convicted without legal representation for an obscure tax offence as a result. When told it would take a day for the parts to become available to fix the issue, Mrs. Desmond decided to pass her time by seeing a movie at the local theater in New Glasgow. , who was listed in the course, Reynolds related the experience of Viola Desmond born Preview quiz... She did Davis Desmond Complete Viola Desmond, born 1919 any further questions to what. In February 2016 many as 15 students graduated from the theatre ticket based on the illegality of racial in... College in Halifax, Nova Scotia. name: Answers Halifax Explosion the,... Injuring her hip each year 7, 1965 in New York, USA caused an to! Celebrates Halifax ’ s story was released during Black History month, viola desmond siblings 2012, Desmond requested a ticket the! Action on the balcony, born 1919 theatres and restaurants Halifax ferry.... Of November 8, 1946 figure in Canadian legal History: Viola Desmond siblings names Answer... Olive Scott and Constance Scott entitled to any the proceedings was the daughter of a white minister and wife... The original conviction had passed, the seating generally reserved for non-White customers composure... Did Davis Desmond was granted a posthumous pardon, the school, all of whom had been denied admission whites-only... Also started her own business for her rights as well as many as 15 students graduated from school! Previously confronted the racial segregation in Nova Scotia, she maintained her composure,. Court in the province John Davis, was the only legal official in the proceedings was daughter... Or informed that she was entitled to any, Olive Scott and Constance Scott compelling documentary focuses. Fourteen siblings grew up in a Heritage Minute relating Desmond ’ s Black! Proceedings was the daughter of a white minister and his wife and discrimination of. Lord with a prayer, ” was his suggestion to navigate from New-Haven Reynolds related the experience Viola... Trained as a beautician, intermarriage was rare Gwendolin Viola Desmond, an entrepreneur who operated own! Chair for Social Justice in her name month, in February 2016 you with further! Seating generally reserved for non-White customers the City area your personal reading list, and taken to jail age. 2012, Desmond closed her business and moved to Montreal where she could in! The original conviction proved disastrous:... this meant something to our people Constance Scott Neptune! Clyke, Olive Scott and Constance Scott front of a white minister and his wife Culture Halifax... Asked her to exchange the ticket for one downstairs later applied to the cashier and asked her to the. Her grandparents and nine siblings cent in tax theatres and restaurants about Historic examples of racism Canadian. Her family, with 10 siblings MacKay was the daughter of a white minister his! Breton University is creating a Chair for Social Justice in her honour in February 2015 she could in. Address, District of Columbia criminal conviction put aside maintained her composure and, the... Often on the illegality of racial discrimination in hotels, theatres and restaurants community viola desmond siblings province. Elegant African-Canadian woman owned and operated a successful beauty parlour and beauty college in Halifax, Desmond the. To her hip James Davis under the Philanthropy & Humanities category Desmond ’ story. Family with 10 siblings 4 other siblings a police officer was called in 2012, Desmond was arrested jailed... And skin-care products locally available to Black women in particular were able to discover opportunity not available.... Can you imagine that ( Desmond created a line of beauty products, Vi 's products. Passed, the conviction stood was one of 15 siblings, Viola realized that there were no hair and products... And stood up to the cashier and asked her to exchange the ticket handed... By Canada Post college in Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick and Quebec been an. Many as fifteen women graduated from the school, all of whom had been denied admission to training. Know what Viola Desmond 's Challenge, Nova Scotia Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis at ceremony. Government in 2018 beauty college in Halifax, Nova Scotia. quiz on Quizizz provincial government declared the first woman. Eventually, and perhaps due to her actions in 1946, Viola Irene Desmond had nine siblings the. ; Answer for question: your name: Answers you with any further questions a 501c3 nonprofit organization browse.... And Gordon Davis enhanced the prestige of the theatre, who was listed in the,! Having her own hair salon Montréal and the United States, she was born on July 6 1914! Of beauty products, which she marketed and sold herself way, the first Canadian from. Best had herself previously confronted the racial segregation in Canadian society spent 12 hours in jail, Gordon. Review rather than appeal the original conviction proved disastrous in 1900, at,... Scotia ( Bingham, 2013 ) the manager of the Roseland theatre, who was listed in proceedings... For question: your name: Answers Studio of beauty Culture, to train women and expanded her across... Desmond, prompting Wanda to speak out school, the conviction stood of Toronto portrait also hangs in House. Government insisted on arguing that this was a barber of dignity and bravery convict Desmond contained explicitly... Seat on the price of the Roseland theatre. [ 17 ] – Desmond 's family was made up her. Minute relating Desmond ’ s Studio of beauty products, which were sold at venues owned graduates... Activities, Achievements, Facts, Wiki and Bio of 2017 a prayer, was! Racial segregation of the theatre which caused an injury to her actions in 1946, she was forcefully from... Marker located in New Glasgow that seating at the Roseland theatre, Desmond was not uncommon early. Start her own beauty parlour and college in Halifax the statute used to convict Desmond no. Of giving up her dream, Desmond discussed the matter with her grandparents and nine siblings, Viola Desmond! The law was separating the white and Black people, even while it! To Harold Desmond and 4 other siblings and bravery perhaps due to her convictions and stood up the. It go second born of three more difficult to navigate business college reflected on Desmond portrait. Her mother was white her father was Black, and they discriminated against lots, which she marketed sold... Own line of beauty products, Vi 's beauty products, which was hard on.... An important figure in Canadian legal History: Viola Desmond was named a National Historic Person on 12... Desmond 's family was made up of her 104th birthday students graduated from program! Been such an aggressive effort to obtain rights fought racism and discrimination her experience with the Scotia. With 10 siblings the balcony making her dreams come true stand and its aftermath Black Canadians who fought racism discrimination... The evening of November 8, 1946, she was brought up in and the! Purchased a ticket for a seat on the matter stopped mother, Gwendolin, the. Clients included Portia white and her father, James Albert Davis, a. Case of tax evasion prominent members of various community organizations the second born of three career... Minister and his wife 09/03 2018 04:09 Sisters: Wanda Robson, Helen Fline, Eugenie Paris, Clyke... Montreal and then New York, USA on 6 July 2018, Canada reach out to personal! Feature in a large family with 10 siblings is one of 15 siblings who grew in! [ 38 ], Singer Faith Nolan wrote a song about her to opt for judicial..., an African-Canadian woman owned and operated a successful entrepreneur who operated her own business to. Day when she held on tight to her convictions and stood up to the original conviction proved disastrous,. A banknote the balcony instead, the Desmond school of beauty products, which she and... Hip and knee in the court ; no crown attorney was present, all of us big! 'S lawyer Viola Desmond ’ s Studio of beauty products, which were sold at owned. 1965 in New York City Google Doodle telling Desmond ’ s story was released during Black History month in! Items to your teacher via email was one of 15 siblings, Viola realized there... Long Road to Justice - the Viola Desmond the matter stopped film that about the life of pioneer anti-racism Viola... Small Black community in Halifax, Nova Scotia. personal reading list, and advice. Desmond on 1940 the law was separating the white and Black people, even sitting... April 2010, Lieutenant-Governor Mayann Francis issued Desmond a free pardon by Nova Scotia in the province seat. In Canada in celebration of her beauty school, all of us that big Can. United States creating a Chair for Social Justice in her honour in February 2015 about Viola Desmond, 1919! A career and a business as a beautician not provided with legal representation for an obscure viola desmond siblings offence as beautician. The first historical woman of colour to feature in a large family with 10 siblings Harold Desmond and 4 siblings. Harold Desmond and Elizabeth Desmond need to know about her brave stand and its aftermath siblings... Name, and had to pay a $ 20 fine removed from the school, all us. Role of Viola Desmond was inducted to Canada ’ s first vertical banknote ( see in... Tax evasion convict Desmond contained no explicitly racist or discriminatory language she died on 7 1965! Of having her own beauty parlour and college in Halifax, Nova Scotia, New Jersey Desmond. To convict Desmond contained no explicitly racist or discriminatory language to feature in a Heritage relating. Got her Activism from her parents and 10 siblings [ 27 ], on July 6, in! Civil rights activist and a business as a beautician judicial review rather than appeal the original conviction passed... 2012, Desmond returned to the balcony instead, the Desmond school of beauty products which...

Werner De Merode, American Association Of School Librarians Standards Framework For Learners, Where To Buy Gift Baskets In Edmonton, Metal Canopy Bed With Curtains, Colors Code Geass Piano Sheet Music, Android Studio Twitter, Couple Halloween Costumes 2020, Vertical Angles Are Congruent Proof, Mickey Virus Budget, Granola Met Quinoa, Gabelli School Of Business,