John the Apostle was the son of Zebedee and the younger brother of James, son of Zebedee (James the Greater). How a film and television stuntman met the Lord in the air. We hope to see you as a part of our community soon and God Bless! Jesus called the two brothers “sons of thunder.” James was martyred by Herod Agrippa fourteen years after Jesus ascended to heaven. Or take the death of Philip, which bishop Polycrates of Ephesus (130-196)—again ... To continue reading, subscribe now. You'll have to dig deep and remember things like where they're from, what they did in their lives and even how they were martyred. Suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia , killed by a sword wound. The book is accompanied by an eight-session Cold-Case Christianity DVD Set (and Participant’s Guide) to help individuals or small groups examine the evidence and make the case. These are the questions Dr. Sean McDowell takes up in his new book The Fate of the Apostles: Examining the Martyrdom Accounts of the Closest Followers of Jesus (Ashgate, 2015). Unfortunately, tradition often embraced legends alongside facts, and it can be difficult to discern details about where the disciples went, what they did, and how they died without assuming the legends surrounding them are rooted in truth. Please be as specific as possible! It doesn’t really matter in the end. Four Simple Principles to Determine Ancient Historical Reliability | Cold Case Christianity, Pingback: Como sabemos que os apóstolos morreram como mártires? We do know from Scripture that Paul spent his final days living in the deplorable conditions of a Roman prison, awaiting his execution. it is FACT that they were martyred. 4. Apostle Paul is believed to have been martyred in this first wave of Roman persecution around age 66, but his death is not as well documented in early writings as Peter’s. It is possible that the apostle Peter was martyred around the same time, during this period of early persecution of Christians. The early Christians copied the apostles and refused to recant their trust in the eyewitness accounts. Mark. Just as importantly, there is no other competing ancient tradition that contradicts the martyrdom of the apostles. To start the list of the death of the Apostles with Judas the Traitor is more because we all know … Died in Alexandria , Egypt , after being dragged by horses through the streets until he was dead. At last, he finished his course. I’ve often said that the death of the apostles is an important piece of evidence related to the veracity of their claims about the Resurrection. Except in a few cases, we have no sound historical evidence concerning the Apostles after the events mentioned in the Acts of the Apostles: we don’t know what each one of them did, where he went and how he died. They were killed because they claimed to be eyewitnesses of Christ’s death and resurrection. The records related to the deaths of the apostles are varied and diverse at times; some deaths are better attested than others. The tradition is that Peter was crucified upside down and that Paul was beheaded due to the fact that Paul was a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), and Roman citizens were normally exempt from crucifixion. Let us receive all of God the Father's fathering of us, every day. 185-254) writes that the apostles divided up the work of evangelizing the world between them—Peter, for example, took Pontus, Galatia, Cappadocia, and Bithynia, and at "the last came to Rome, and was crucified head-downwards; for he requested that he might suffer thus." J. Warner April 11, 2016 Biblical Reliability, Christian History, Writings 3 Comments 21,462 Views. The others were James' brother John and Simon Peter. ... they were killed for believing in... What happened to the twelve (12) disciples of Jesus Please review our current Faith Groups list for information on which faith groups are considered to be Christian faiths. The Apostle Simon White represents purity and peace, blue indicates fidelity, and red stands for Christ's blood sacrifice. 2) I do think we can use the Argument from Silence when reviewing 1 Clement to make two points: a) the deaths of Peter and Paul were not considered martyrdom, and b) no other apostles were known as martyrs. There is more than enough reason to believe that the apostles died as martyrs without recanting their testimony. Even historians debate the exact date or manner in which Paul died, but it is almost universally accepted that he was martyred. We know of plots on both of their lives from Acts. St. Andrew was St. Peter’s brother, as they were both fishermen for their father. We don’t with any certainty know a single detail about his death, other than that he indeed did die. Bethany Pyle Editor, BibleStudyTools.com Was Jesus …, Pingback: Unbelievable? In John’s Gospel, we learn more about Thomas’ character than we do about most of the other Twelve Apostles. The New Testament does not tell us how the apostles died. As Christmas approaches, many people begin to question the legitimacy of the holiday. Your email address will not be published. Matthew suffered martyrdom in Ethiopia, killed by a sword wound. Luke. Engaging Discussions about Early Christianity. Britney Spears will not perform again due to legal setback. Eusebius’ sources on … One more great distinction of the apostle James was to be the first to die a martyr's death. We do not know how or even whether any of the apostles were martyred. We know James, son of Zebedee was beheaded. Who Were the 12 Disciples (Apostles) & What We Know about Them Again, the weight of this Argument from silence will differ between individuals and even between the two points. They willingly endangered themselves by publicly proclaiming the risen Christ.” Here are the key facts: First, the apostles were eyewitnesses of the risen Jesus. Why are Protestant and Catholic Bibles different? Student debt cancellation in focus amid Biden transition 2 Mark Mark died in Alexandria, Egypt after being dragged by horses through the streets until he was dead. Through Thomas’ outspoken nature, much is revealed about him, and about Our Lord. SeanMcDowell.org. None of us knows by what means we are going to die, but we can do our part to be ready, as the Apostles were ready. J. Warner Wallace is a Dateline featured Cold-Case Detective, Senior Fellow at the Colson Center for Christian Worldview, Adj. Jesus Christ selected the 12 apostles from among his early followers to become his closest companions. Read The earliest reliable record of the disciples clearly indicates they were on a path toward martyrdom. There is more than enough reason to believe that the apostles died as martyrs without recanting their testimony. Although we may not know the specific identities of the actual lesser-known apostles who were martyred, these two sources provide evidence that some of them were executed for their faith. But neither one of us knew I’d eventually meet his son, Sean, during … Many of the Apostles were still alive at that time. For the other apostles, the tradition of Paul and Peter being executed in Rome is pretty solid. | Defendendo a Fé Cristã, Como Sabemos que os Apóstolos Realmente Morreram como Mártires? For some of the apostolic deaths there are competing traditions among early Christian groups. We know that his testimony is true.” —John 21:24. The Evidential Value of the Fate of the Apostles St. Andrew. I believe you may with clear conscience continue to share with people that the Apostles maintained their faith and their claim that Jesus was raised from the dead in spite of the fact that certainly some and probably most of them were martyred for their faith. The apostles say, “We saw the risen Jesus. What we do know is that he died sometime in the first century, possibly around 80 AD. All we have are legends from the second century and later. .” How can we be sure that the apostles truly died as martyrs, refusing to recant their testimony about the resurrection of Jesus? Even historians debate the exact date or manner in which Paul died, but it is almost universally accepted that he was martyred. 3 Luke Luke was hanged in Greece as a result of his tremendous preaching to… One more great distinction of the apostle James was to be the first to die a martyr's death. Why, after all, would any person willingly choose to submit to a painful deathfor confession of the Christian faith? That’s repeated in the writings of Paul…Read through Acts and just pay attention to how every single speech focuses on the resurrection. Sign Up For Our Newsletter THE 13 APOSTLES DIED? The tradition is that Peter was crucified upside down and that Paul was beheaded due to the fact that Paul was a Roman citizen (Acts 22:28), and Roman citizens were normally exempt from crucifixion. It's only right that you know your fair share about the apostles who stuck by Jesus throughout his life, and the one who didn't. Cold-Case Christianity: A Homicide Detective Investigates the Claims of the Gospels, Christian Apologetics at Talbot School of Theology, Biola University, The Struggle Between Presenting Arguments and Being Argumentative, Unbelievable? (Neither the Jews nor the Romans would have thought it a capital offense to believe a man came back from the dead.) Well, for starters, if they were martyred, it’s doubtful they were killed for believing in the resurrection. He was first a disciple of John the Baptist. It is possible that the apostle Peter was martyred around the same time, during this period of early persecution of Christians. Also according to some traditions, Salome was the sister of Mary, Jesus' mother, making Salome Jesus' aunt, and her sons John the Apostle and James were Jesus' cousins. Thomas, the Apostle who doubted Christ's appearance in the upper room, preached predominantly in the East in countries like India and Parthia. The remainder or even all of the claims of martyred apostles do not rely upon historical or biblical evidence. In the Latter-day Saint faith I think we’re more accustomed to the hanging theory, but who knows. “This is the disciple who testifies to these things and who wrote them down. How do we know that every apostle except John died for his faith, and are those sources reliable? How do we know the apostles or the seven deacons (example-Parmenas) were martyred? They all died because of an unwavering, unrelenting claim that Christ rose from the grave. Amidst some uncertainty, one thing is clear—the reason given for their deaths was the same. One thing seems certain: Paul was not crucified because he was a Roman citizen, and his “death-row” process was prolonged compared to those of Jewish descend. Let us move in every thought, word, and deed led by the Holy Spirit. Subscribers have full digital access. The Apostle James’ death is the only death recorded of any of the apostles in the Bible. Let us draw ever so close to Jesus, the Son of God. Most of the earliest traditions seem to point to him being martyred in the ancient Greek city of Hierapolis. There are no pagan accounts, for example, that describe the apostles living leisurely lives along the Mediterranean coast. The most commonly accepted tradition is that Peter was crucified upside-down in Rome. The Church historian Eusebius of Caesarea records that the apostles were martyred in different parts of the world, these early Church traditions are based on legends. Was hanged in Greece as a result of his tremendous preaching to the lost. Let us lead lives of Godly love, mercy, repentance and forgiveness. The Apostles Began an Eyewitness Tradition The New Testament account found in the Book of Acts provides us with a description of the disciples as eyewitnesses who were unafraid to share what they saw and experienced with Jesus, even when this testimony resulted in their imprisonment or mistreatment. According to Church tradition, their mother was Salome. These were strongly held by early Christians to be authentic stories of the apostles, their ministries, their miracles, and their deaths. Perpetua, Felicity, and Polycarp can teach ordinary Christians about living each day as a witness to grace. | Defendendo a Fé Cristã, Pingback: Como Sabemos que os Apóstolos Realmente Morreram como Mártires? in assuming that we know without question how these disciples died. The apostle James was honored with a favored position by Jesus Christ. The Apostles Began a Uniform Record As a result, the earliest uniform record of the deaths of the apostles describes them dying as martyrs. – Razão da Esperança, Your email address will not be published. While the details related to these deaths may vary from tradition to tradition, the fact they died as martyrs … Such popular myths provide no support whatsoever for modern Christian claims that the apostles were willingly martyred. Were all the apostles martyred except John and Judas? ", But there are other sources to consider as well. How do we know the apostles were martyred? They were from rural areas, farmers, and … This is especially true for the more obscure disciples. Influence of the Apostles Today. What we know to be true about Jesus is that He chose ordinary and unrefined men. If anything, the disciples might have been killed for believing in the INsurrection! The apostles began boldly on a path that led to their brutal execution, these deaths were corroborated by the earliest traditions (without contradictory record) and those who followed the apostles sought to emulate the apostolic martyrdoms as an expression of their own commitment to Christianity. Browse 60+ years of magazine archives and web exclusives. The question “How did the Apostles die?” is often asked and although much of the lives of some of the Holy Apostles is unknown, we do know that several of the Apostles became martyrs. Prayers, Bible verses, and reference to the ‘City of God’ set the stage for the inauguration of a Catholic president. in assuming that we know without question how these disciples died. The willingness of the apostles to suffer and die as martyrs for their faith is one of the most commonly cited arguments for the resurrection. The Scripture gives us detailed information about his life, his conversion, and his ministry. Yet some scholars assert there is insufficient evidence to confirm that any of the apostles were martyrs—or that their deaths even count as evidence for the resurrection. Let us draw ever so close to Jesus, the Son of God. Certain that his death was imminent, Paul wrote to his beloved protégé Timothy : “For I am already being poured out like a … 27:1-5), and St. John, the son of Zebedee, was assigned by Jesus to take of his mother Mary (John 19:25-27), and a strong tradition holds that he later died of natural causes at an old age in Ephesus . As I lay out in The Fate of the Apostles, the willingness of the apostles to be martyred for their faith is one critical piece of evidence for the reliability of the resurrection accounts.. ", Scholars debate as to where Origen picked up his information—some argue that he drew from the roughly contemporary Acts of Thomas, an apocryphal book relating Thomas' adventures as a missionary in India. He was first a disciple of John the … The … .” Luke was hanged in Greece as a result of his tremendous preaching to the lost. Judas the Traitor. Rom., xvi, 9). So I think we’re very confident he died as a martyr and I would say…it’s reasonable that he was beheaded. … Pastors, apologists, and other Christians love proclaiming the deaths of the apostles as evidence for the Christian faith. To this, Eusebius adds the story told by the bishop Clement of Alexandria (d. ca. While the details related to these deaths may vary from tradition to tradition, the fact they died as martyrs is a point of uniform agreement. 1 Matthew. How do we know that every apostle except John died for his faith, and are those sources reliable? Tradition says that, when Peter was put to death, he requested to be crucified on an inverted cross. DO YOU KNOW HOW THE APOSTLES WERE MARTYRED? When A Word Is Worth A Thousand Complaints (and When It Isn’t), Why There Are So Many ‘Miraculous’ Stories of Bibles Surviving Disaster. However, there are writings, outside of the Bible, that have been handed down to us by people who lived during the second, third and fourth centuries of this era, claiming that many of the Apostles were crucified, beheaded and otherwise martyred … Not only was he one of the twelve chosen disciples of Jesus, but he was also one of three men in Christ's inner circle. We know of the original twelve apostles; the men who, during the three years of His ministry, walked with Jesus. According to Origen, other apostles went elsewhere; Thomas was assigned Parthia (today's India), and John was given "Asia. According to the 18th-century historian Edward Gibbon, early Christians (second half of the second century and first half of the third century) believed that only Peter, Paul, and James, son of Zebedee, were martyred. Among the reasons it was believed that these writings were not canonized into Holy Scripture is that among those who strongly believed these writings there were many heretics. The stories about their martyr’s death mentioned above are … Required fields are marked *. The names of Jesus' apostles have become the most common names for males in the Western world. The apostle James was honored with a favored position by Jesus Christ. 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