See Julio-Claudian family tree. Caligula found within himself the strength to quell his rage in an effort to save himself and his sisters from being killed by Tiberius. Suetonius stated that Caligula “as a boy he was troubled with the falling sickness [presumably epilepsy].”[6]Epilepsy may have played a major role in the onset of madness within Caligula. As a toddler Gaius marched with his father into several bloody campaigns in the territory of Germania. He also had several siblings that included his two brothers Nero and Drusus and his three sisters Drusilla, Julia Livia, and Agrippina the Younger. In this game one of the cards states “Fact: In 37 CE, Caligula was diagnosed with ‘brain fever’ and soon thereafter began forcing many people including his father-in-law, to commit suicide.”[14]The card suggests that Caligula somehow transformed suddenly into a mad tyrant. Gaius's brothers were Nero and Drusus. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Incest was not the only warning of growing mental instability within Caligula. His mother dressed the young boy in the uniform of a Roman soldier, and for th… What does it mean when there is no flag flying at the White House? Caligula’s father Germanicus, in an effort to further his popularity and expand control, began to visit Egypt regularly by 18CE. The mental conditions that existed prior could have been exacerbated by the illness that Caligula experience. Copyright © 2003 - 2021 - UKEssays is a trading name of All Answers Ltd, a company registered in England and Wales. Given Caligula’s past, however, one cannot charge his madness to this single event. October, 37 CE: Caligula fell seriously ill, with what was described at the time as a “brain fever”; there was great mourning in Rome, and much joy at his recovery. It was rather a series of contingent events that led up to Caligula’s increasing insanity and eventually led to his demise. For the first six months he was a good ruler, but that all changed when he became ill with what was described at the time as a "brain fever." Although epilepsy is not directly linked to other mental disorders there is evidence that it is associated with behavioral problems. Registered Data Controller No: Z1821391. Together Caligula and Macro arranged for their assassination. Most historians generally describe his rule as a period of violent, scandalous, insanity and rightfully so. Of Little Worth. Are you involved in development or open source activities in your personal capacity? For these reasons historians have portrayed Caligula as a mad man. When studying Caligula’s reign, however, one can overlook the underlying causes of Caligula’s madness. Whether it was an extreme fever, malaria, or simply a nervous breakdown, we don't know. Among the historians of Caligula’s time, Suetonius wrote of the condition Caligula suffered from in great detail. Morbid facts about Caligula. If you ask any Game of Thrones fan, the actor who plays Joffrey Baratheon, a cruel and violent child king in the books an During the time Gaius spent marching on campaigns in Germania with his father he wore child sized armor and boots. History tells us that Caligula had a great love of anything having to do with ships and the sea. Historical accounts of Caligula may vary, but nearly all historians agreed on one dark fact: this deranged emperor placed very little value on human life.In one twisted story, Caligula was supposedly meant to sacrifice a bull to the gods by hitting it over the head with a huge mallet. Caligula’s suffering, however, had just begun to escalate. This event, however, is best described by modern historian Geoff W. Adams. More often than not, when one hears of his name they recall the terrible atrocities he committed during his reign including acts of grotesque violence, lust, and insanity. With Augustus had come the beginning of a new Roman rule, one under a single leader, that also pushed Rome’s ruling elite somewhat into chaos. One source sums this event up by stating “Macro, smothered Tiberius, and then arranged the killing of the next in line to succeed Tiberius, a grandson named Gemmelus.”[10]With his revenge complete and Tiberius out of the way, Caligula took his position as Roman Emperor. All of these events created disdain among his people and eventually led to his death in 41CE at the hands of his own Praetorian Guard. One source stated that “He was caught in incest with his sister Drusilla while still in his teens.”[5] This practice was considered neither normal nor virtuous in Roman custom during Caligula’s age. Caligula had again been dealt with an emotionally numbing blow, thus adding to his long list of psychological turmoil. When an otherwise healthy person has a fever due to, say, a viral or bacterial infection, it is unlikely to cause brain damage. “The Annals” p. 177, [5] Wells, Colin Micheal. Imagine being born into a world of violence, betrayal, broken family, imprisonment, and utter misery. To export a reference to this article please select a referencing stye below: If you are the original writer of this essay and no longer wish to have your work published on UKEssays.com then please: Our academic writing and marking services can help you! When he arrived in Rome on March 28, 37 AD, he was greeted enthusiastically by all, showing great deference to the senators and promising to share power with them in all ways. We've received widespread press coverage since 2003, Your UKEssays purchase is secure and we're rated 4.4/5 on reviews.co.uk. [13], Caligula’s legacy has long been a topic focused on the insanity, violence, and scandal that occurred during his reign as emperor. Before he was known as Caligula, he was known as Gaius Julius Caesar Germanicus. Find the perfect caligula film stock photo. Historians believe that he probably went insane. It stated that Drusus was starved in prison so severely that he had resorted to “chewing the stuffing from his bed,” before his untimely death. Since the day he was born into the imperial family, Caligula lived in a state of fear and apprehension. 7. Ancient sources, like Suetonius and Cassius Dio, describe Caligula having a "brain fever". “Sick Caesars.” p. 34, [9] Tranquillus, Gaius Suetonius. No plagiarism, guaranteed! Caligula’s notoriety as an unhinged, bloodthirsty Roman emperor may not tell the whole story. This evidence suggests two aspects about Caligula’s life. “Globetrotting Brainiac: 600 Historical Facts & Fun Trivia from Around the World”. Many historians have noted that Caligula suffered from another mental illness that had affected him since his birth. What is the first and second vision of mirza? A. Talbert wrote: “Yet within a year Gaius fell seriously ill, perhaps with a brain fever, and, although he recovered, his erratic behavior escalated. Then imagine having to harbor such atrocities and hardships internally with no time for remorse. Finally freed from being the “pampered prisoner” of his father’s murderer, Caligula was a loved and welcomed emperor. It seemed Caligula was spared by a stroke of luck. Perhaps the most extreme evidence of madness was when Caligula’s attempted appointment of his horse, Incitatus, to consul and priest. Caligula’s family enjoyed a great deal of success in military campaigns in the north and his father was considered to be charismatic. Caligula was sexually active from an early age and according to Suetonius had a strong libido which bordered on perversion. Though it was never proven formally, it was known within the Roman public that Germanicus’ controversial death produced feelings of “hatred against Tiberius and Livia, and suspicions that they had plotted the murder along with Piso and his wife.”[2]This event was no doubt a traumatic one for the young boy Caligula. *You can also browse our support articles here >. Recent sources say that Caligula probably had encephalitis. Caligula's father, Germanicus, was Emperor Tiberius's (42 B.C.E. The evidence also indicates that these problems were affecting Caligula well before he was emperor. It was because of this particular attire Gaius wore that soldiers began to call the young boy Caligula meaning “miniature military boots (caliga).”[1]The name happened to stick with him for the rest of his life. –14 C. E.). [8] This evidence reveals that Caligula’s mental stability may have been exacerbated or induced on account of his epileptic condition. nephew, adopted son, and heir who would inherit his father's throne. Any opinions, findings, conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of UKEssays.com. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Such worries were common among imperial dynasties, but not with the danger that Tiberius posed. The series of traumatic and psychologically damaging events that occurred early in Caligula’s life had only been made more acute by the illness Caligula contracted as Emperor. Over the course of time he spent with the emperor, Caligula had to keep his inner turmoil to himself while he closely observed Tiberius. 3. The deaths of Caligula’s mother Agrippina and Brother Nero, however, were not enough to satisfy Tiberius’ dominance over Roman politics. Company Registration No: 4964706. When Emperor Augustus died, he left Tiberius in command to become the royal heir to the emperor. Tiberius had Drusus imprisoned and left him to die in the most horrid conditions. There were a number of freedmen in his close circle who attained considerable influence: Helicon, his chamberlain; Apelles, a tragic actor; and most wealthy and powerful of all, Callistus, a kind of imperial secretary. Second, it leads one to believe that Caligula may have been exhibiting signs of mental illness before the alleged disease “changed” him in adulthood in 38 CE. Baiae was an integral part Portus Julius, home port of the Western Imperial Fleet of ancient Rome, and towards the end of the Roman Republic it was a fashionable resort, popular with the super-rich, and notorious for the ‘hedonistic temptations’ on offer, and for rumours of scandal and corruption. Enter Caligula the Cruel Late in 37 A.D., Caligula fell ill with some sort of brain fever. 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